Treatment: Hormones: Treatment with endocrine therapy may include
tamoxifen or aromastase inhibitors for the treatment of breast cancer or goserelin
for the treatment of prostate cancer.
Treatment: Chemotherapy: Treatment with oral or injected medications
used to kill cancer cells.
Treatment: Targeted therapies and biological therapies: Targeted therapies
block the growth of cancer cells by interfering with specifc targeted molecules
needed for tumour growth. Examples include monoclonal antibodies such as trastuzumab
(Herceptin), bevacizumab (Avastin) and cetuximab (Erbitux) and small molecule inhibitors
such as lapatinib (Tykerb), imatinib (Glivec)and sunitinib (Sutent). Biological
therapies use the body's immune system, either directly or indirectly, to fight
cancer or to lessen the side effects that may be caused by some cancer treatments.
Examples include interferons, interleukins, colony-stimulating factors, vaccines,
gene therapies and nonspecific immunomodulating agents.
Treatment: Radiotherapy: The use of ionizing radiation to treat cancer.
Treatment: Surgery: Any operation that requires surgical removal of
Treatment: Other: Other treatment types or drug classifications that
are not listed in the treatment options above.
Antiemetics: Trials investigating the outcomes from the use of antiemetics.
Complementary: Complementary therapies complement conventional medical
treatment. Complementary medicines can include herbal, vitamin, mineral, homoeopathic,
nutritional and other supplements. Therapies include herbal medicine, Chinese medicine,
chiropractic, naturopathy, osteopathy, acupuncture, homoeopathy, reflexology, aromatherapy,
Alexander technique, Bach and other flower remedies, massage, hypnotherapy, shiatsu,
ayurvedic medicine, nutritional medicine, yoga, anthroposophical medicine, spiritual
healing, iridology, kinesiology, meditation and others.
Palliative care: Interventions used to control symptoms and improve
quality of life.
Prevention/Screening: A test or treatment used to prevent cancer from
developing or from progressing to cause symptoms or death. This might include a
screening test, for example mammograms to prevent death from breast cancer.
Psychosocial: Interventions or techniques that involve counseling,
training, communication or educational based programs.
Lifestyle: Trials investigating the outcomes from lifestyle changes.
Lifestyle changes include exercise (physiotherapy, aerobic interval training, weight
training) and diet (any dietary intervention).
Rehabilitation: An intervention to restore or improve physical abilities
lost from cancer.
Diagnosis: Interventions or techniques aimed at identifying a disease
or health condition.